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What does a Python developer do? An introduction to the profession

Beginners worldwide prefer learning Python as their first programming language due to its simplicity and flexibility. Python is an object-oriented language, high-level and portable by nature, with huge standard library support. This integrated and interpreted language is open source, free to use, and dynamically typed. Moreover, Google, YouTube, Netflix, Spotify, Reddit, and Instagram use Python precisely for their programming needs.

Who is a Python developer?

A Python developer’s role can encompass a wide variety of duties. He could be a software developer, data analyst, web developer, data scientist, automation tester, AI engineer, or machine learning engineer – it depends on the need of the project.

A typical Python developer’s job description could span responsibilities including:

  • Writing efficient, scalable, testable, and reusable Python code.
  • Designing and creating applications and websites.
  • Integrating data storage solutions.
  • Creating integrative systems.
  • Integrating user-facing elements into different applications and data storage solutions.

The Python developer is also expected to be able to:

  • understand, analyze, and implement business needs into software components;
  • create predictive models for AI and ML-based features;
  • performance tuning and automation of applications;
  • keep up with the latest technology and trends;
  • work with Python libraries like NumPy, Pandas, etc.

What skills must a Python developer have?

Python developer needs to have a fundamental knowledge of various foundational concepts such as Variables and Data Types, Data Structure, Exception Handling, Object-Oriented Programming, understanding of data analytics, data visualization, and statistics. He must have skills in AI, ML, Neural networking, Deep Learning, and, of course, Version Control, as well as decent knowledge in front-end technologies like HTML, CSS, and JS.

Such a specialist must be able to integrate various data sources and databases into a unified system and design principles that are executable for a scalable application. The ability to robust testing and debugging capabilities for tools such as Selenium and basic knowledge about Object Relational Mapper libraries would be an advantage.

Technical Skills for Python Developer include proficiency in:

  • core Python fundamentals;
  • Python Libraries;
  • frameworks like Flask and Django;
  • code packaging, release, and deployment;
  • code versioning tools like SVN, Git;
  • database knowledge.
  • circles, conditional, and control statements.

Python developers must-have soft skills like:

  • Being able to write clear and optimized code.
  • Good understanding of algorithms and logic or analytical skills.
  • Communication skills to establish effective and friendly communication between developers, designers,  testers, and users.
  • Excellence in problem-solving and project management.
  • Being good in time management, task organization, and project management.
  • Out-of-the-box thinking capability, creativity.

The future of Python developer

Massive demand for Python developers is observed in all corners of our planet. Python is used in various development fields such as App development, Web development, Game development, IoT Development Projects, Machine Learning, Data Science, and much more. Its popularity resulted from the growing data science community, including artificial intelligence and machine learning — industries like healthcare, education, and finance use machine-learning applications to improve their organizations through innovations.

Therefore, the future looks bright for Python developers. You can build a career in ML, AI, data science, data analytics, etc. From web development to automatic scripts and startups to giant organizations, you can realize your skills and knowledge and earn a decent wage. According to, the estimated total pay for such specialists in the USA is from $97.968 to $112.590 per year.

Do you want to become a Python developer? Apply for the course at Beetroot Academy.

Yevheniia Stentsel
Beetroot Academy blog author
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